What is prenatal pathological leave?


In the event of a difficult pregnancy, the doctor may prescribe pregnant women a pathological leave. How long is it ? What is the amount of compensation? What there is to know…

Expectant mothers benefit from a maternity leave, with a minimum duration of 16 weeks, which varies according to the number of dependent children (up to 26 weeks from three children). If you are expecting your first or second child, for example, you can then take 6 weeks before delivery, and 10 weeks after the birth of your baby. To this is added the prenatal pathological leave, which may be prescribed by your doctor according to your state of pregnancy (fatigue, contractions, stress, etc.).

The pathological leave can be granted from the declaration of pregnancy, and before the 6 weeks of the start of prenatal leave to which it is added. Its duration is two weeks (14 days maximum consecutive or not). However, it cannot be taken after the birth of your child. Like sick leave, pathological leave requires staying at home in order to rest until delivery. Beyond 14 days of pathological leave, you will need to have sick leave if you do not feel well for the rest of your pregnancy.

Expectant mothers often feel exhausted at the end of pregnancy. But is fatigue considered a sufficient reason to be arrested? It is up to your doctor to assess your condition on a case-by-case basis. Remember that pathological leave is possible, but it is not automatically granted. On the other hand, if your symptoms are abnormal at the stage of your pregnancy, and your situation requires medical treatment or forced rest, your doctor may prescribe a prenatal pathological leave. This is particularly the case for risk pregnancies, for expectant mothers who suffer from diabetes, high blood pressure, late pregnancy or risk of premature birth. In addition, if your journey time is too long or your working conditions are not optimal, the medical leave may be accepted by your doctor or gynecologist. Otherwise, do not hesitate to consult occupational medicine. Otherwise, ask your employer if he would accept telework.

The amount of daily allowances paid by Social Security is calculated in the same way as the maternity leave. So you continue to receive your full base salary. The amount is based on the last three gross salaries you received before the date of sick leave, and cannot exceed the monthly social security ceiling. Therefore the amount of daily allowances minimum is 9.63 euros per day, and a maximum of 89.03 euros per day.

How much will you receive when you are on maternity leave? To get an idea, the Health Insurance offers a practical and fast simulator, which calculates for you the amount of your daily allowances. Go to and provide information on your professional situation, the date on which your prenatal leave begins, as well as the gross wages for the three months preceding this date.

Note that the length of maternity leave can be modified in certain particular cases, after the birth of the child, in the event of childbirth or difficult Cesarean section for example. Postnatal pathological leave may be prescribed by a doctor, only for cases directly related to childbirth. It lasts maximum 4 weeks and must be taken all at once, following ten weeks postnatal maternity leave. On the other hand, unlike prenatal pathological leave, this time the compensation corresponds to half your salary. They can nevertheless be completed by your employer, according to your collective agreement. Check with your company.

In the event of premature delivery

If your child is born prematurely, the prenatal leave is shortened and the postnatal leave is extended accordingly. But an additional rest period is planned if the child is born 6 weeks before the expected delivery date, or if hospitalization is necessary. In this case, the maternity leave is extended: if your baby is born one week before the start of the prenatal leave, the leave is then extended by one week.

In case of late delivery

The prenatal leave is extended until the birth of your child, without the postnatal rest being reduced.

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