A report on the allocation of places in crèches points to inconsistencies and discrimination. The government wants municipalities to respect social mix.
Getting a place in a nursery after the baby is born is not given to all parents. And this is precisely what worries many of them when the files go to committee. Because the allocation of places in crèches is sometimes discriminatory, and lacks transparency, according to The report established by Elisabeth Laithier, in charge of the “early childhood” dossier at the association of mayors of France (AMF), at the request of the government. Presented to ministers this Tuesday Agnes Buzyn and Marlène Schiappa, “this work aims to develop a repository of good practices and improve the transparency of the allocation of places in crèches”, specifies the Ministry of Health in a statement. Recall that the Regional Court of Accounts (CRC) of Ile-de-France, had also denounced the same inconsistencies in 2017 in the Parisian crèches, following an investigation carried out in six districts of the capital.
Better define the choice of criteria. The choice of criteria for the allocation of places in nursery “must be able to correspond to a local reality. It is important that a diagnosis of needs can be carried out”, recommends the report. For Elisabeth Laithier, “it does not seem appropriate to propose a national grid of award criteria” taking into account a single type of criterion, but rather “a mix” of several criteria of different natures. Finally, prioritization systems allow families to obtain a place for their child, depending on their situations (precariousness, disability, single-parent families, unemployment, etc.).
Put an end to discrimination. The allocation of places in the crèche must be based on a principle of non-discrimination. “Neither the scarcity of resources, nor the type of activity or contract can in themselves constitute grounds for refusal for the allocation of a place in a crèche,” said the ministry. And according to article L.214-7 of the Code of Social Action and Families, one place in twenty must be reserved for children whose parents benefit from the RSA or in social and professional integration.
More crèche places. By 2020, the government wants to create 300 crèches with a vocation for professional integration in order to accommodate a maximum of children. The report also provides for the introduction of a social mix bonus in collective reception for 90,000 crèche places and the introduction of third-party payment for the “additional childcare mode” in 2019 for individual reception “. , the government wishes to financially encourage the municipalities with the poorest population by reducing the remainder to less than 10% in order to develop reception methods.
|Better support families. The report also recommends a simplification of the registration procedures for parents who choose the crèche and better information, particularly on the timetable for the allocation of places, in order to allow them to anticipate the different phases of registration. Finally, to better support parents in the event of refusal, the government wishes to facilitate reorientation towards the various reception methods, and in particular individual reception.|