How about swimming? This balanced sport without impact on the joints has many benefits for the body and the mind. But beware, you don’t jump into the water with your eyes closed! Techniques, mistakes to avoid, breathing, crawl or breaststroke … We tell you everything.
Swimming has nothing more to prove! Regular practice of this sport has many benefits for the body : it contributes to improving the cardiovascular and pulmonary capacities, makes it possible to work the muscles in a harmonious way, develops endurance with the effort, makes it possible to burn calories, and thus to refine! In short, swimming is a complete sport which works all the muscles of the body – from the shoulders to the legs, going through the abs, back and arms – and suitable for all people (pregnant women, elderly people, overweight people, some asthmatics …). On the other hand, contact with water has de-stressing virtues and helps release tensions. Indeed, water stimulates sensors on the skin and performs kinds of small massages, which have the effect of relaxing the body. This discipline is practiced in a state of weightlessness, it is smooth and gentle on the joints and back. But followers or novices, in club, in rehabilitation or in leisure, it is important to adopt some good gestures to avoid injury and avoid accidents.
Breaststroke, crawl, backstroke, butterfly … Which one to choose? There are 4 main types of swimming with different benefits:
- The breaststroke is undoubtedly the most practiced and the simplest swimming. The breaststroke is a so-called “symmetrical” stroke: that is to say that the left part and the right part of the body make exactly the same movements. Thus, this swim makes it possible to work especially the upper body like the pectorals, the abdominal belt and the arms. However, poorly performed, it can promote back or knee problems. If in doubt, seek professional advice.
- The crawl is a faster and more complete swim which consists of immersing your whole body in water. Ideal for building your shoulders, abs, glutes, trapezius muscles, back, calves …
- The butterfly is a slightly more difficult swim to perform: it requires you to be very comfortable in the water and to master the crawl, breaststroke and backstroke. This swim, which is ideal for improving breathing capacity, exercises the abdominals, shoulders, trapezoids, pectorals and arms. Be careful with the breathing, the ripples of the legs and the movements when you do this swim.
- Back or back crawled are strokes which consist of doing arm turns asymmetrically (when the left arm is in the water, the right arm is out of the water) and beating the legs quickly. It is especially ideal for building the back, calves and buttocks, and is particularly suitable for people suffering from back pain.