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Brown fat and white fat: what’s the difference?

Brown fat and white fat: what's the difference?

When you want to lose weight, you want to do away with fat at all costs. Yet it plays an essential role in the body. These fats, also called adipose tissue, are made up of two types of cells: white adipocytes and brown adipocytes. If one is harmful to the health, the other helps to burn calories faster and prevent certain diseases.

Brown fat: what is it?

Brown fat, also called brown adipose tissue, is a tissue that stores nutrients in the form of lipids and then burns them to produce heat and maintain body temperature. This tissue helps the body to fight the cold while degrading nutrients. Brown fat is found in hibernating mammals and in humans. It is mainly present in humans at the beginning of their life, in newborns, to maintain their body temperature at an acceptable level because they do not yet have the thrill reflex. As for its presence in certain mammals, it allows them to hibernate while avoiding hypothermia.

If for many years there was no evidence that brown fat was indeed present in the body of an adult, several studies and studies have shown that this brown adipose tissue is housed in very specific parts of the body. Fat is localized, in small quantities, in the interscapular region, at the level of the main blood vessels: neck, collarbones, armpits, shoulders, near the spine and heart. Brown fat cells, cells found in brown fat, are both fat burners and heat insulators.

What is the difference between brown fat and white fat?

Although they are both fats, brown and white adipose tissue do not have the same function. The more well-known white fat is the second type of fatty tissue that stores nutrients. The difference with brown fat? It stores excess calories in the form of lipids and does not eliminate them. White fat is an energy reserve that the individual can use when his carbohydrate reserves are depleted, especially during a fast, a significant physical effort or in cold weather.

White fat is mainly localized, in large quantities, in the deep regions of the body: on the neck and shoulders in men, and on the chest, buttocks, thighs and hips in women. White adipose tissue represents 15 to 20% of the weight of the adult and is responsible for weight gain but also for obesity.

Brown fat: how to activate and stimulate it?

As you can see, the goal is to reduce white fat and stimulate brown adipose tissue. It is possible to increase your share of brown fats through certain habits such as:

The beneficial effects of brown fats on the body

Brown fat speeds up the body’s metabolism and burns so-called “bad” white fats, which are responsible for many diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease, but also for other problems like obesity. Another advantage of brown fat is that it stabilizes blood sugar and regulates insulin in the body. Brown adipose tissue uses the highest amounts of glucose. This use naturally lowers cholesterol and triglyceride levels. All of these effects reduce the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. In addition, burning white fat can lead to weight loss.

Read also :

⋙ Guide to good fats: the list of fatty foods good for health

⋙ Fat burners: what are the best ingredients for weight loss?

⋙ Visceral fat: the best solutions to lose this bad fat from the abdominal belt

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